Abstract View

Author(s): Jipsi Chandra1, Apurva Mishra2, S. Keshavkant3

Email(s): 1skeshavkant@gmail.com

Address:

    1School of Studies in Biotechnology, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur 492 010, India
    2Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University, Gwalior 474 005, India
    *Corresponding author email: skeshavkant@gmail.com

Published In:   Volume - 2,      Issue - 2,     Year - 2020

DOI: Not Available

 View HTML        View PDF

Please allow Pop-Up for this website to view PDF file.

ABSTRACT:
Pollution of heavy metal imposes a serious threat to environment. Heavy metals could be present in environment naturally as its part or added by enormous human activities like usage of fertilizers and pesticides, dumping of solid wastes, mining, industrial effluents, burning of fossil fuels, etc. Heavy metal such as zinc, lead, cadmium, mercury, copper, arsenic, etc., are absorbed by the plants from natural environments and through them get entered into the food chain. In plants, above threshold limit of many of these heavy metals show adverse effects and imposes deleterious effects on their growth and development. The impact of heavy metals could be noticed by numerous morphological, biochemical and molecular alterations in plants. These changes are brought disturbance in normal cellular metabolism. Thus, the major by-products of normal cellular metabolism, reactive oxygen species (ROS) could also been thought to be involved in damaging reactions. Excessive generation and accumulation of these ROS creates oxidative stress condition and cytotoxicity. To conquer this situation, plants have various defensive mechanisms including enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants, which detoxify ROS molecules by converting them into non-toxic products.

Cite this article:
Jipsi Chandra, Apurva Mishra and S. Keshavkant (2020) Heavy Metal Pollution and its Impact on Plants. NewBioWorld A Journal of Alumni Association of Biotechnology, 2(2):5-7.


References

Alaraidh IA, Alsahli AA, Razik ESA (2018) Alteration of antioxidants gene expression in response to heavy metal stress in Trigonella foenum-graecum L. South African Journal of Botany, 115: 90-93.

Babu NT, Varaprasad D, Yeduguri HB, Kumari K, Lomada D, Reddy MC, Chandrasekhar T (2014) Impact of heavy metals (Cr, Pb and Sn) on in vitro seed germination and seedling growth of green gram [Vigna radiata (l.) r. wilczek]. Current Trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy, 8: 160-165.

Bhaduri AM, Fulekar MH (2012) Antioxidant enzyme responses of plants to heavy metal stress. Reviews in Environmental Science and Biotechnology, 11: 55-69.

Dutta S, Mitra M, Agarwal P, Mahapatra K (2018) Oxidative and genotoxic damages in plants in response to heavy metal stress and maintenance of genome stability. Plant Signaling and Behavior, 13:1-49.

Emamverdian A, Ding Y, Mokhberdoran F, Xie Y (2015) Heavy metal stress and some Mechanisms of plant defence response. Scientific World Journal, Article ID 756120.

Kehrer JP (2000) The Haber-Weiss reaction and mechanisms of toxicity. Toxixology, 149: 43-50.

Rughani G, Chandra J, Chandrakar V, Keshavkant S. (2016) Production and in-situ localization of ROS in Pennisetum typhoideum indulged with heavy metal stress. CSVTU International Journal of Biotechnology, Bioinformatics and Biomedical, 1: 8-13.

Saini N, Gupta S (2018) Assessment of biochemical parameters in heavy metal stressed crop of mung bean [Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek]. American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 8: 1-9.

Schutzendubel A, Polle A (2002) Plant response to abiotic stresses: heavy metal-induced oxidative stress and protection by mycorrhization. Journal of Experimental Botany, 53: 1351-1365.

Shahid M, Pourrut B, Dumat C, Nadeem M, Aslam M, Pinelli E (2014) Heavy metal-induced reactive oxygen species: phytotoxicity and physicochemical changes in plants. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 232:1-44.

Related Images:



Recent Images



Enzyme Based Biosensor for Onsite Detection of Chromium
Nutrients and Bioactive compounds of Pleurotus ostreatus mushroom
Combating SARS-CoV-2 and other Infectious Diseases with Enhanced Immunity by Herbs and Spices, and Preventing its Community Transfer via Ancient Indian Traditions and Culture
Review on production technique and nutritional status of Calocybe indica (P&C)
Therapeutic and Safety aspects of Amrita (Tinospora cordifolia)
Production of Bioethanol from Rice straw by Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Heavy Metal Pollution and its Impact on Plants
Abstracts: National Conference on Recent Advances and Trends in Biotechnology, organized by School of Studies in Biotechnology, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, India
Lead Toxicity, Measurement and Control
Seasonal variation of Aspergillus species in the different localities of Nawapara (Rajim), District – Raipur, Chhattisgarh

Tags


Recomonded Articles:

Author(s): Rasleen Kaur; S. Keshavkant

DOI: NA         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Sharon Khalkho; Deepali Koreti; Anjali Kosre; S.K. Jadhav; Nagendra Kumar Chandrawanshi

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Arpita Srivastava; Arunima Sur; Kush Kumar Nayak

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Jipsi Chandra; Apurva Mishra; S. Keshavkant

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Tikendra Kumar Verma; K. L. Tiwari; S. K. Jadhav

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More