Abstract View

Author(s): Samiksha Sharma1

Email(s): 1samikshasharma0129@gmail.com


    1Chhattisgarh Institute of Medical Sciences, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India
    *Corresponding Author Email- samikshasharma0129@gmail.com

Published In:   Volume - 4,      Issue - 2,     Year - 2022

DOI: 10.52228/NBW-JAAB.2022-4-2-1  

 View HTML        View PDF

Please allow Pop-Up for this website to view PDF file.

One of the most serious issues in the nation is heavy metal toxicity. It severely affects both plant and animal kingdom as well as disrupts the soil ecosystem. The consequence of heavy metal toxicity is the generation of osmotic and oxidative stress, membrane dysfunctioning, metabolic imbalances and cellular toxicity. To combat the prevailing issue, seeking eco-friendly ways to enhance and stimulate plant tolerance against stress, is the vital step. Hence, the application of biostimulants can be the best and effective alternative. Biostimulant is a non nutrient preparation of microorganism and/ or substances which enhance the crop quality enrich nutrient uptake efficiency and show tolerance against abiotic stresses. The super dynamic substances utilized in such arrangements are humic and fulvic acids, compounds containing nitrogen, protein hydrolysates, silicon, melatonin, seaweed extracts, and valuable microorganisms. The review briefly articulates the definition of biostimulants, its various types as well as its role towards reducing the heavy metal toxicity. Apart from these, the review also takes in consideration the ameliorating effects of silicon against heavy metal toxicity. Hence, biostimulants play an important role as reactive oxygen scavengers, stimulate antioxidant system of the plant, and induce gene expression of stress responsive gene thereby fostering plant tolerance to heavy metal toxicity.

Cite this article:
Samiksha Sharma (2022) Biostimulants: An Eco-friendly Approach in Reducing Heavy Metal Toxicity. NewBioWorld A Journal of Alumni Association of Biotechnology,4(2):1-7.DOI: https://doi.org/10.52228/NBW-JAAB.2022-4-2-1

Adrees M, Ali S, Rizwan M, Zia-ur-Rehman M, Ibrahim M. et al., Mechanisms of silicon-mediated alleviation of heavy metal toxicity in plants: A review. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 2015; 119:186–197.

Ahemad M and Kibret M. Mechanisms and applications of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria: Current perspective. J. King Saud Univ. Sci, 2014; 26: 1–20.

Ahmad P, Tripathi DK, Deshmukh R, Singh VP, Corpas FJ. Revisiting the role of ROS and RNS in plants under changing environment. Environ. Exp. Bot. 2019.

Ali H, Khan E and Sajad MA. Phytoremediation of heavy metalsdConcepts and applications. Chemosphere, 2013; 91: 869–88.

Behie SW, Bidochka MJ. Nutrient transfer in plant-fungal symbioses. Trends Plant Sci. 2014;19: 734–740.

Bhat J, Shivaraj, Singh P, Devanna B, Navadagi ,Tripathi D.K, Dash P.K, Amolkumar U, Solanke, Sonah H, Deshmukh R. Role of Silicon in Mitigation of Heavy Metal Stressesin Crop Plants. Plants 2019;8;71; doi:10.3390/plants8030071.

Bonfante P, Genre A.  Interactions in mycorrhizal symbiosis. Nat. Commun. 2010; 1:1–11.

Bosni´c D, Nikoli´c D, Timotijevi´c G. et al., Silicon alleviates copper (Cu) toxicity incucumber by increased Cu-binding capacity. Plant Soil, 2019; 441:629–641.

Caporale AG and Violante A. Chemical processes affecting the mobility of heavy metals and metalloids in soil environments. Current Pollution Reports, 2016; 2(1):15–27.

Colla G, Rouphael Y, Canaguier R. et al, Biostimulant action of a plant-derived protein hydrolysate produced through enzymatic hydrolysis. Front. Plant Sci, 2014; 5:448. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2014.00448

Colla, G,  Rouphael Y. Biostimulants in horticulture. Sci. Hortic. 2015; 196:1–2

Craigie JS. Seaweed extract stimuli in plant science and agriculture. J. Appl.Phycol. 2011; 23: 371–393.

Cristofano F, El-Nakhel C, Rouphael Y. Biostimulant Substances for Sustainable Agriculture: Origin, Operating Mechanisms and Effects on Cucurbits, Leafy Greens, and Nightshade Vegetables Species. Biomolecules, 2021; 11:1103.

Ertani A, Schiavon M, Muscolo A, Nardi S. Alfalfa plant-derivedbiostimulant stimulate short-term growth of salt stressed Zea mays L. plants. Plant Soil, 2013; 364: 145–158.

Ghori, N. -H., Ghori, T., Hayat, M. Q., Imadi, S. R., Gul, A., Altay, V., & Ozturk, M. (2019). Heavy metal stress and responses in plants. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology16(3), 1807-1828. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-019-02215-8

Gozzo F, Faoro F. Systemic acquired resistance (50 Years after discovery):moving from the lab to the field. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2013; 61:12473–12491.

Gu HH,  Qiu H, Tian T, et al., Mitigation effects of silicon rich amendments on heavy metal accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa L.) planted on multi-metal contaminated acidic soil. Chemosphere, 2011; 83(9):1234–1240.

Gunes A, Inal A, Bagci EG, Coban S, Pilbeam BT. Silicon mediates changes to some physiological and enzymatic parameters symptomatic for oxidative stress in spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) grown under B toxicity. Scientia Horticulturae 2007;113(2): 113-119.

Guo H, Hong C, Xiao M, et al. Real-time kinetics of cadmium transport and transcriptomic analysis in low cadmium accumulator Miscanthus sacchariflorus. Planta. 2016;244(6):1289-1302. doi:10.1007/s00425-016-2578-3.

Hartley SE.  and De Gabriel JL. The ecology of herbivore induced silicon defences in grasses. Functional Ecology. 2016; 30(8):1311–1322.

Hoque MN, Tahjib-Ul-Arif M, Hannan A. et al.,Melatonin Modulates Plant Tolerance to Heavy Metal Stress: Morphological Responses to Molecular Mechanisms.Int. J. Mol. Sci, 2021; 22: 11445.

Horst WJ, Wang Y, Eticha D. The role of the root apoplast in aluminium-induced inhibition of root elongation and in aluminium resistance of plants: A review. Ann Bot, 2010; 106:185–197.

Hu B, Jia X, Hu J, Xu D, Xia F, Li Y. Assessment of Heavy Metal Pollution and Health Risks in the Soil-Plant-Human System in the Yangtze River Delta, China. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017;14(9):1042. Published 2017 Sep 10. doi:10.3390/ijerph14091042

Iriti M, Picchi V, Rossoni M. et al. Chitosan antitranspirant activity is due to abscisic acid-dependentstomatal closure. Environ. Exp. Bot. 2009; 66:493–500.

Jägermeyr, J., 2020: Agriculture's historic twin-challenge towards sustainable water use and food supply for all. Front. Sustain. Food Syst.4, 35, doi:10.3389/fsufs.2020.00035.

Jindo K, Canellas LP, Albacete A. et al. Interaction between humic substances and plant hormones for phosphorous acquisition. Agronomy, 2020; 10: 640.

Jindo K, Martim SA, Navarro EC. et al.  Root growth promotion by humic acids from composted and non-composted urban organic wastes. Plant. Soil, 2012; 353: 209–220.

Kaya C, Tuna AL, Sonmez O. et al., Mitigation effects of silicon on maize plants grown at high zinc. J of Plant Nutri, 2009; 32(10):1788–1798.

Khan W, Rayirath UP, Subramanian S. et al, Seaweed extracts as biostimulants of plant growth and development. J. Plant Growth Regul. 2009; 28:386–399.

Liang Y, Sun W, Zhu Y, Christie P. Mechanisms of silicon-mediated alleviation of abiotic stresses in higher plants: a review. Environmental Pollution,2007; 147(2): 422–428.

Liu J, Zhang H, Zhang Y, Chai T. Silicon attenuates cadmium toxicity in Solanum nigrum L. by reducing cadmium uptake and oxidative stress. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 2013; 68: 1–7.

Lu G, Liu J, Wang Y. Bioavailability and mobility of heavy metals in soil in vicinity of a coal mine from Huaibei, China. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment. 2017;23(5), 1164–1177.

Ma JF and Yamaji N. Silicon uptake and accumulation in higher plants. Trends in Plant Sci, 2006;11(8):392–397.

Ma JF and Yamaji N. Silicon uptake and accumulation in higher plants. Trends in Plant Sci, 2006;11(8):392–397.

Pilon-Smits EAH, Quinn CF, Tapken W. et al. Physiological functions of beneficial elements. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 2009; 12:267–274.

Pontigo S,Godoy K, Jim´enez H, Guti´errez-Moraga A. et al., Silicon-mediated alleviation of aluminum toxicity by modulation of Al/Si uptake and antioxidant performance in ryegrass plants. Frontiers in Plant Science, vol. 8, article no. 642, 2017.

Qadir S, Jamshieed S, Rasool S, Ashraf S. et al. Modulation of plant growth and metabolism in cadmium-enriched environments. Rev. Environ. Contam. Toxicol, 2014; 229: 51–88.

Rafiee H, Badi HN, Mehrafarin A et al. Application of Plant Biostimulants as New Approach to Improve the Biological Responses of Medicinal Plants- A Critical Review. J. Med. Plants, 2016; 15: 1–39.

Rizwan M, Meunier JD, Miche H, Keller C. Effect of silicon on reducing cadmium toxicity in durum wheat (Triticum  turgidum L. cv. Claudio W.) grown in a soil with aged contamination. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2012; 209-210.

Rouphael Y and Colla G. Toward a Sustainable Agriculture Through Plant Biostimulants: From Experimental Data to Practical Applications. Agronomy, 2020; 10: 1461.

Santiago L.H., Leon E.N., Lopez-Moreno F.J., Arjo G., Gonzalez L.M., Ruiz J.M., Blasco B. The application of th silicon-based biostimulant Codasil® offset water deficit of lettuce plants. Scientia Horticulturae 2021;285, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2021.110177 .

Savvas D and Ntatsi G. Biostimulant activity of silicon in horticulture. Scientia Horticulturae, 2015;196: 66–81.

Seiber JN, Coats J, Duke SO. et al. Biopesticides: state of the art and future opportunities. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2014; 62:11613–11619.

Shahid M, Khalid S, Abbas G, Shahid N, Nadeem M, Sabir M, Aslam M, Dumat C (2015) Heavy metal stress and crop productivity. In: Hakeem K et al (eds) Crop production and global environmental issues. Springer, Cham.

Sharma SS, Dietz KJ . The significance of amino acids and amino acid-derived molecules in plant responses and adaptation to heavy metal stress. J Exp Bot , 2006; 57:711–726.

Shi Q, Bao Z, Zhu Z, He Y, Qian Q, Yu J. Silicon-mediated alleviation of Mn toxicity in Cucumis sativus in relation to activities of superoxide dismutase and ascorbate peroxidase. Phytochemistry 2005;66:1551–1559.

Singh S, Kumar V, Dhanjal DS. et al. Endophytic microbes in abiotic stress management In: Microbial endophytes: Prospects for sustainable agriculture, 2020; 91-123.

Sytar O, Kumar A, Latowski D. et al, Heavy metal-induced oxidative damage, defense reactions, and detoxification mechanisms in plants. Acta Physiol Plant, 2013;35:985–999.

Tripathi D K, Singh V P, Gangwar S, Prasad S M. et al, Role of silicon in enrichment of plant nutrients and protection from biotic and abiotic stresses. Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes, 2014 pp. 39–56, Springer.

Tubana BT and Heckman JR. Silicon and Plant Diseases, 2015 Eds., Springer International Publishing, Switzerland.

Violante A, Cozzolino V, Perelomov L, Caporale AG, Pigna M. Mobility and bioavailability of heavy metals and metalloids in soil environments. Soil Science & Plant Nutrition, 2010; 10(3): 268–292.

Wu JW, Shi Y, Zhu XY, Wang YC, Gong HC. Mechanisms of enhanced heavy metal tolerance in plants by silicon: a review. Pedosphere 2013; 23(6):815–825.

Ye J, Yan C, Liu J, Lu H, Liu T, Song Z. Effects of silicon on the distribution of cadmium compartmentation in root               tips of Kandelia obovata (L.). Environmental Pollution, 2012;162:369–373.

Zhao XL and Masaihiko S. Amelioration of cadmium polluted paddy soils by porous hydrated calcium silicate. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution. 2007; 183(1-4): 309–315.

Ziosi V, Zandoli R, Di Nardo A. Biological activity of different botanical extracts as evaluated by means of an array of in vitro and in vivo bioassays. Acta Hortic. 2012; 1009: 61–66.

Related Images:

Recent Images

Review on double haploid in rice plant (Oryza sativa L.)
A  Review of Clinical Aspect of Dhatura: According to Ayurveda
An aphid transmitted banana bunchy top disease of banana and its detection: A Review
Comparative Evaluation of In Vitro Antimicrobial Efficacy of different Species of Curcuma against Human Pathogenic Bacteria
Biostimulants: An Eco-friendly Approach in Reducing Heavy Metal Toxicity
Butea monosperma: A Plant of Traditional and Medicinal Significance
Revaluation of Mushroom Edibility Based on Differences in Morphological Characteristic
A Review on various analytical methodology for Ondansetron
Assessment of Antimicrobial Activity of Commercially available Withania Somnifera (Ashwagandha) Powder against Pathogenic microorganisms
Investigation of biochemical changes in the leaves of Curcuma caesia Roxb. under sucrose-induced osmotic stress environment


Recomonded Articles:

Author(s): Rasleen Kaur; S. Keshavkant

DOI: 10.52228/NBW-JAAB.2021-3-2-1         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Tikendra Kumar Verma; K. L. Tiwari; S. K. Jadhav

DOI: 10.52228/NBW-JAAB.2019-1-1-4         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Jipsi Chandra; Apurva Mishra; S. Keshavkant

DOI: 10.52228/NBW-JAAB.2020-2-2-2         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Tikendra Kumar Verma*; Vijeyata Verma; S.K. Jadhav

DOI: 10.52228/NBW-JAAB.2020-2-1-6         Access: Open Access Read More