Abstract View

Author(s): Pramod Kumar Mahish1, KL Tiwari2, SK Jadhav*3

Email(s): 1jadhav9862@gmail.com

Address:

    1Govt. Digvijay Autonomous College, Rajnandgaon (C.G.) 491 441, India
    2School of Studies in Biotechnology, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur (C.G.) 492 010, India
    *Corresponding author

Published In:   Volume - 1,      Issue - 2,     Year - 2019

DOI: Not Available

 View HTML        View PDF

Please allow Pop-Up for this website to view PDF file.

ABSTRACT:
Lead exists naturally but its huge concentration in environment is contributed by anthropogenic activity. The present review article focuses to show some current evidences of lead pollution worldwide the toxicity of lead to the flora and fauna and its measurement and control measures. Understanding the source of lead pollution, nature and chemistry of lead, industrial lead pollution, effect of plants and animals are also the objective of this paper.

Cite this article:
Pramod Kumar Mahish, KL Tiwari and SK Jadhav (2019) Lead Toxicity, Measurement and Control. NewBioWorld A Journal of Alumni Association of Biotechnology,1(2):1-8.


References

Acharyy SK, Shah BA, Ashyiya ID, Pandey Y (2005) Arsenic contamination in groundwater from part of Ambagarh-Chowki block, Chhattsigarh India: source and release mechanism. Environmental Geology, 49(1):148-158.

Agoramoorthy G, Chen F, Hsu M (2008) Threat of heavy metal pollution in halophytic and mangrove plants of Tamil Nadu, India. Environmental Pollution, 155(2):320-326.

Ahalya N, Ramachandra TV, Kanamadi RD (2003) Biosorption of heavy metals. Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment, 7(4):71-79.

Al-Khashman OA (2004) Heavy metal distribution in dust, street dust and soils from the work place in Kark Industrial State, Jordan. Atmospheric Environment, 38(39):6803-6812.

Abiola OP (2010) Lead and coliform contaminations in potable ground water sources in Ibadan, South-West Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, 2(5):79-83.

Apostoli P, Romeo L, De matteis MC, Menegazzi M, Faggionato G, Vettore L (1988) Effect of lead on red blood cell membrane proteins. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 62(1-2):71-75.

Arshad M, Silvestre J, Pinelli E, Kullerhoff J, Kaemmerere M, Tarigo A, Shahid M, Guiresse M, Pradere P,Dumat C (2008) A field survey of lead phytoextraction by various scented Pelargonium cultivators. Chemosphere, 71(11):2187-2192.

Aydin A, Kahraman T, Aydin H (2010) The microbiological and Physico-chemical parameter with trace metal pollution of coastal bathing water in Daranelles and Thracian Sea. Journal of Animal and Veterinary advances, 9(6):1077-1082.

Azrina A, Khoo HE, Idris MA, Amin I, Razma, MR (2011) Major inorganic element in Tap water samples in peninsular Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 17(2):271-276.

Azumi SD, Bichi MH (2010) Industrial pollution and heavy metals profile of Challawa River in Kano, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Sciences in Environmental Sanitation, 5(1):23-29.

Banerjee A (2003) Heavy metal levels and solid phase speciation in street dust of Delhi, India. Environmental Pollution, 123(1):95-105.

Barber I, Sharma R, Mogra S, Panwar K, Garu U (2011) Lead induced alternations in blood cell counts and hemoglobin during gestation and lactation in Swiss albino mice. Journal of Cell and Molecular Biology, 9(1):69-74.

Barcelo J, Poschenrieder C (1990) Plant water relations as affected by heavy metal stress: A review. Journal of Plant Nutrition 13(1):1-37.

Beg MK, Shrivastav SK, Carranza EJM, Smeth JBD (2011) High fluoride incidence in groundwater and its potential health effects in part of Raigarh district, Chhattisgarh, India. Current Science, 100(5):750-754.

Bhaskar BV, Rajasekhar R, Muthusubramanian P, Kesarkar P (2008) Measurement and Modeling of respirable particulate (PM10) and lead pollution over Madurai, India. Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health, 1:45-55.

Birch G, Taylor S (1999) Source of heavy metals in sediments of Port Jackson estuary, Australia. Science of the Total Environment, 227(2-3):123-138.

Brannvall ML, Bindle R, Emteryd O, Nilsson M, Renberg I (1997) Stable isotope and concentration records of atmospheric lead pollution in peat and lake sediments in Sweden. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 100:243-252.

Celik A, Kortal AA, Akdogan A, Kaska Y (2005) Determination of heavy metal pollution in Denizli (Turkey) by using Robinio Pseudo-acacia L. Environment International, 31(1):105-112.

Cenkei S, Cigerei IH, Yildiz M, Ozay C, Bozdag A, Terzi H (2010) Lead contamination reduces Chlorophyll biosynthesis and genomic template stability in Brassica rapa L., Environmental and Experimental Botany 67(3):467-473.

Chukwuma C (1997) Environment lead exposure in Africa. Ambio, 26(6):399-403. 

Darling CTR, Thomas VG (2003) The distribution of outdoor shooting ranges in Ontario and the potential for lead pollution of soil and water. Science of the Total Environment, 313(1-3):235-243.

Danadevi K, Rozati R, Banu BS, Rao PH, Grover P (2003) DNA damage in workers to exposed to lead using comet assay. Toxicology, 187(2-3):183-193.

Deb MK, Thakur M, Mishra RK, Bodhankar N (2002) Assessment of Atmospheric Arsenic level in airborne dust particles of an urban city of central India. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 140:57-71.

Deshmukh DK, Deb MK, Suzuki Y, Kouvarakis GN (2011) Water soluble ionic composition of PM 2.5-10 and PM2.5 aerosol in the lower trophosphere of an industrial city Raipur, the eastern Central India. Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health, DOI 10.1007/S11869-011-0149-0.

Dey SK, Dey J, Patra S, Dothal D(2007)Change in the oxidative enzyme activity and lipid peroxidation in wheat seedling exposed to cadmium and lead stress. Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology, 19(1):53-60.

Dubey N, Pervez S (2008) Investigation of variation in Ambient PM10 levels within an urban industrial environment. Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 8(1):54-64.

Elzbieta W, Miroskwa C (2005) Lead induced histological and ultrastructural changes in the leaves of Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.). Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 51(2):203-212.

Farmer JG, MacKenzie AB, Sugden CL, Edgar PJ, Eades LJ (1997) A comparison of the historical lead pollution recorded in peat and freshwater lake sediments from central Scotland. Water Air Soil Pollution, 100:253-270. 

Gangoso L, Alvarez-Lioret P, Rodriguez-Navarro AAB, Mateo R, Hiraldo F, Donazar JA (2009)       Long term effect of lead poisoning of none mineralization in vultures exposed to ammunition sources. Environmental Pollution, 157:569-574.

Gayathri R, SenthilK (2010) Recovery and reuse of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution by a hybrid technique of electrodialysis and ion exchange. Brazilian journal of Chemical Engineering, 27(01):71-78.

Ghani A (2010) Effect of lead toxicity on growth, chlorophyll and lead (Pb+) contents of two varieties of Maize (Zea mays L.). Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 9(9):887-891.

Gichner T, Znidar I, Szakova J (2008) Evalvation of DNA damage and mutagenicity induced by lead in tobacco plants. Mutation Research, 652(2):186-190.

Gochev V, Velkova Z, Stoytcheva M (2010) Biosorption of copper by immobilized dead biomass of Sachharomyces cerevisiae. Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment, EQ, special edition, second Balkan conference on biology, 607-612.

Gopal R, Rizvi AH (2008) Excess lead altars growth metabolism and translocation of certain nutrition radish. Chemosphere, 70(9):1539-1544.

Grosell M, Gerdes RM, Brix KV (2006) Chromic toxicity of lead to tree freshwater invertebrates – Brachionus calyciflonus, Clironomus tentans and Lymmaea stagnalis. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 25(1):97-104.

Hernbeg S (2000) Lead poisoning in a historical perspective. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 38:244-254.

Herve RP, Andriamalala R, Yves M, Marcellin R, Christine R, Andriamandimbisoa N (2010) Assessment of heavy metal concentrations in coastal sediments in north-western cities of Madagascar. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 4(2):51-60.

Hsiang J, Diaz E (2011) Lead and developmental neurotoxicity of the central nervous system. Current Neurology, 2(1):35-42.

Hsu MJ, Selvaraj K, Agoramoorthy G (2006) Taiwans’s industrial heavy metal pollution threatens terrestrial biota. Environmental Pollution, 143(2):327-334.

Huang CY, Bazzaz FA, Vanderhoef LN (1974) The inhibition of Soyabean metabolism by cadmium and lead. Plant Physiology, 54:122-124.

Hutton M, Symon C (1986) The quantities of cadmium, lead, mercury and Arsenic entering the U.K. environment from human activities. Science of the Total Environment, 57(1): 129-150.

Ibrahim O, Odoh R, Onyebuchi NJ (2012) Effect of industrial effluent on the surrounding environment. Archives of Applied Science Research, 4(1): 406-413.

Jain CK, Singhal DC, Sharma MK (2005) Metal pollution assessment of sediment and water in the river Hindon, India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 105:193-207.

Jastrzebska EB (2010) The effect of aquatic Cadmium and Lead pollution on lipid peroxidation and superoxide dismutase activity in freshwater fish. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 19(6):1139-1150.

Kamavisdar A, Khanwalkar SR, Patel R (2005) Analytical studies on lead pollution in road side soil samples of Raipur and Bhilai, Chhattisgarh state, India. Communications in Soil Sciences and Plant Analysis, 36(15-16):2209-2218.

Kelly J, Thornton I, Simpson PR (1996) Urban Geochemistry: A study of the influence of anthropogenic activity on the heavy metal content of soils in traditionally industrial and non-industrial areas of Britain. Applied Geochemistry, 11(1-2):363-370. 

Khillare PS, Balachandran S, Meen BR (2004) Spatial and temporal variation of heavy metals in atmospheric aerosol of Delhi. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 90:1-21.

Kim KW, Myung JH, Ahn JS, Chon HT (1998) Heavy metal contamination in dust and stream sediment in the Taejon area, Korea. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 64(1-3):409-419.

Kim Y, Kim BN, Hong YC, Shin MS, Yoo HJ, Kim JW (2009)Co-xposure to environmental lead and manganese affects the intelligence of school-aged children. Neurotoxicology, 30(4):564-571. 

Kopittke PM, Asher CJ, Kopitte RA, Menzies NW (2007) Toxic effect of lead on growth of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculosa). Environmental Pollution, 150(2):280-287.

Kratochvil D, Volesky B (1998) Advances in the biosorption of heavy metals. Trends in Biotechnology, 16:291-300.

Krishna AK, Govil PK (2004) Heavy metal contamination of soil around Pali industrial area, Rajasthan, India. Environmental Geology, 47:38-44.

Ladwani KD, Ladwani KD, Manik VS, Ramteke DS (2012) Impact of industrial effluent discharge on physico-chemical characteristics of Agriculture soil. International Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 1(3):32-36.

Li X, Poon C, Liu PS (2001) Heavy metal contamination of urban soil and street dusts in Hong Kong. Applied Geochemistry, 16(11-12):1361-1368.

Liu J, Han D, Li Y, Zheng L, Gu C, Piao Z (2010) Lead affects apoptosis and related genes XIAP and Smac expression in the hippocampus of developing rats. Neurochemical Research, 35 (3):473-479. 

Markevieius A, Dringeliene A (2004) Comparison of lead and copper exposure effect of immune cells in mice. Acta Medica Lituanica, 11(4):14-18.

Mesmar MN, Jaber K (1991) The toxic effect of lead on seed germination, growth, chlorophyll and protein contents of wheat and lens. Acta Biologica Hunganica, 42(4):331-344.

Micro Small and Medium Enterprises, Raipur (2012) Brief Industrial profile of Raipur district. Ministry of MSME, Govt. of India. p 1-22.

Mishra KP (2009) Lead exposure and its impact on immune system: A review. Toxicology In Vitro, 2(6):969-972.

Mishra KP, Singh VK, Rapi R, Yadav VS, Chandran V, Srivastava SP, Seth PK (2003) Effect of lead exposure on the immune response of some occupationally exposed individuals. Toxicology, 188(2-3):251-259.

Mohammed TI, Chang-Yen I, Bekele I (1996) Lead pollution in East Trinidad resulting from lead recycling and smelting activities. Environment Geochemistry and Health, 18(3):123-128.

Momba MNB, Osode AN, Sibewu M (2006) The impact of inadequate wastewater treatment on the receiving water bodies –case study: Buffalo city and Nkokonbe municipalities of the Eastern Cape Province. Water SA, 35(5):687-692.

Moor H, Schaller T, Sturm M (1996) Recent change in stable lead isotopes ratio in sediments of lake Zug. Switzerland. Environmental Science and Technology, 30:2928-2933.

Nadal M, Schunmacher M, Domingo JL (2004) Metal pollution of soils and vegetation in an area with petrochemical industry. Science of the Total Environment, 321(1-3):59-69.

Nam D, Lee D, Koo T   (2004) Monitoring for lead pollution using feather of feral Pigeons (Columba livia) from Korea. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 95:13-22.

Nicholson FA, Smith SR, Alloway BJ, Smith CC, Chambers BJ (2003) An inventory of heavy metal inputs to Agriculture soils in England and Wales. Science of the Total Environment, 311(1-3):205-219.

Nriagu J (1979) Global inventory of natural and anthropogenic emissions of trace metals to the atmosphere. Nature (Lond), 279:409-411.

Nriagu J, Jinabhai C, Naidoo R, Coutsoudis A (1996) Atmospheric lead pollution in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa. Science of the Total Environment, 191(1-2):69-76.

Nriagu J, Pacyna JM (1988) Quantitative assessment of worldwide contamination of air, water, and soils by trace metals. Nature (Lond), 333:134-139.

Nurdan S, Aydin D (2007) Source and characteristics of lead pollutant in the urban environment of Guangzhou. Science of the Total Environment, 385(1-3):182-195.

Ocheri M, Ogwuche J (2012) Lead in rural groundwater of a Benue state, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Science and Water resource, 1(5):115-119.

Oje OA, Uzoegwu PN, Onwurah I, Nwodo U (2010) Environmental pollution levels of lead and zinc in Ishiagu and Uburu communities of Ebonyi state, Nigeria. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 85:313-317.

Olifa FE, Olifa AK, Lewis OO (2003) Toxic stress of lead on Claris gariepinus (African catfish) FingerlingsAfrican Journal of Biomedical Research, 6:101-104.  

Patel KS, Ambade B, Sharma S, Sahu D, Jaiswal NK, Gupta S, Dewangan RK, Nava S, Lucareli F, Blazhev B, Stefanova R, Hoinkis J (2010) Lead environmental pollution in central India. New trends in Technologies, In Tech. Blandnaramov (Ed.) ISBN 978-953-761-62-6: 242.

Patel KS, Gupta S, Nava S, Lucareli F (2008) Lead Particulate pollution in Central India. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 43:574-577.

Patel KS, Shrives K, Hoffmann P, Jakubowski N (2006) A survey of lead pollution in Chhattisgarh state, Central India. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 28(1-2):11-17.

Patterson CC (1983) Criticism of "flow of metals into the global atmosphere". Geochimicaet Cosmochimica Acta, 47: 1163-1168.

Pourrut B, Shahid M, Dumat C,  Winterton P, Pinelli E (2011) Lead uptake, Toxicity and detoxicity in plants. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 213:113-136.

Pekel H (2006) Heavy metal pollution assessment in sediment of the Izmit Bay, Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 123(1-3):219-231.

Perez-Lopez R, Nieto JM, Lopez-Cascajosa MJ, Diaz-Blancco MJ, Sarmiento AM, Oliveira V, Sanchez-Rodas D (2011) Evaluation of heavy metals and arsenic speciation discharged by the Tinto-Odiel estuary, SW Spain. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 62(2):405-411.

Phillips DJH (1976) The common mussel Mytilusedulis as an indicator of pollution by zinc, cadmium, lead and copper. II. Relationship of metals in the mussel to those discharged by Industry. Marine Biology, 38(1): 71-80.

Prasanthi RP, Devi CB, Bash DC, Reddy NS, Reddy GR (2010) Cadmium and Zinc supplementation protects lead (Pb)- induced perturbations in antioxidant enzymes and lipid and lipid peroxidation in developing mouse brainInternational Journal of Developmental Neuroscience, 28(2):161-167.

Qufei L, Fashui H (2009) Effect of Pb2+ on the structure and function of Photosystem II of Spirodela polyrrhiza. Biological Trace Element Research, 129(1):251-260.

Rabadjieva D, Tepavitcharova S, Todorov T, Dassenakis M, Paraskevopoulou V, Petrov M (2009) Chemical speciation in mining effected waters: the case study of Asarel-medet Mine. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 159:353-366.

Rao PS, Kumar A, Ansari MF, Pipalatkar P, Ckakrabarti T (2009) Air quality impact of sponge iron industries in central India. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 82:255-259.

Rundle SA, Duggan MJ (1986) Lead pollution from the external redecoration of old buildings. Science of the Total Environment, 57:181-190.

Sahu KC, Bhosale U    (1991)   Heavy metal pollution around the island city of Bombay, India. Part I: quantification of heavy metal pollution of aquatic sediments and recognition of environmental discriminates. Chemical Geology, 90(3-4):263-283. 

Sankpal ST, Naikwade PV (2012) Heavy metal concentration in effluent discharge of Pharmaceutical industries. Science Research Reporter, 2(1):88-90.

Sekman E, Top S, Uslu E, Varanka G, Bilgili MS (2011) Treatment of oily waste water from port waste reception facilities by Electrocoagulation. International Journal of Environmental Research, 5(4):1079-1086.

Shao Y, Jiang L, Zhang DJ, Ma LJ, Li CX (2011) Effect of Arsenic, Cadmium and Lead on growth and respiratory enzymes activity in wheat seedlings. African Journal of Agriculture Research, 6(19):4505-4512.

Sharma R, Garu U (2011) Effect of lead toxicity on developing testes in Swiss mice. Universal Journal of Environmental Research and Technology, 1(4):390-398.

Sharma R, Pervez S (2003) Enrichment and exposure of particulate lead in traffic environment in India. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 25(3):297-306.

Sharma R, Pervez S (2004a) Chemical characterization and enrichment of selected toxic element in ambient particulate matter around a slag based cement plant in Chhattisgarh state-A case study. Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 63:376-382.

Sharma R, Pervez S (2004b) Study of dental fluorosis in subject related to a phosphatic fertilizer plant environment in Chhattisgarh state. Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 63:985-988.

Sharma R, Panwar K, Mogra S (2012) Effects of prenatal and neonatal exposure to lead on white blood cells in Swiss mice. Journal of Cell and Molecular Biology10(1):33-40.

Sheng Z, Jin H, Zen-hua C, Jian-Feng C, Yun-Ye Z, Wen-Jian S (2005) Effect of Pb pollution on seed vigor of three rice cultivars. Rice Science, 12(3):197-202.

Shrivastava P, Saxena A, Swarup A (2003) Heavy metal pollution in a sewage–fed lake of Bhopal, (M.P.) India. Lakes and Reservoirs: Research and Management, 8:1-4.

Silbergeld EK (2003) Facilitative mechanisms of lead as carcinogen. Mutation Research, 533:121-133.

Simpson RW, Xu H (1994) Atmospheric lead pollution in an urban area-Brisbane, Australia. Atmospheric Environment, 28(19):3073-3083.

Singh RP, Tripathi RD, Maheshwari R, Srivastava HS (1997) Response of higher plant to lead contaminated environment. Chemosphere, 34(11):2467-2493.

Singh N, Pandey Y, Misra J, Yunus M, Ahmad KJ (1997) Atmospheric lead pollution from vehicle emission measurement in plants, soil and milk samples. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 45:9-19.

Smith CM, Deluca HF, Tanaka Y, Mahaffey KR (1981) Effect of lead ingestion on function of Vitamin D and its metabolites. The Journal of Nutrition, 111:1321-1329.

Srivastava MM, Srivastava S, Vaid A (1992) Tooth lead concentration as a indicator for environmental lead pollution in Agra city, India. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 48(3):334-336. 

Steenland K, Boffetta P (2000) Lead and cancer in humans: where are we now? American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 38(3):295-299.

Sultana R, Rao DP (1998) Bioaccumulation Patterns of Zinc, Copper, Lead, and Cadmium in Grey Mullet, Mugil cephalus (L.), from Harbour Waters of Visakhapatnam, India. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 60:949-955.

Tan MG, Zhang GL, Li XL, Zhang YX, Yue WS, Chen JM, Wang YS, Li AG, Li Y, Zhang YM, Shan ZC (2006) Comparative study of lead pollution in Shanghai by multiple techniques. Analytical Chemistry, 78:8044-8050.

Tang N, Zhu ZQ (2003) Adverse reproductive effects in female workers of lead battery plants. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 16 (4):359-361.

Tay SK, Rahman NS, Abas MR (2010) Ozonization of a mixture of dialkylphalates in aquepos solution. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 85:726-729.

Tepavitcharova S, Todorov T, Dassenakis M, Paraskevopoulou V (2010) Chemical speciation in water influenced by lead-zinc metallurgical industryEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment169:27-36.

Thakur M, Deb MK, Imai S, Suzuki Y, Ukei K, Hasegawa A (2004) Load of heavy metals in the air born dust particulates of an urban city of Central India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 95:257-268.

Thomas DR, Sunil B, Latha C (2011) Physico-chemical analysis of well water at Eloor industrial area-Seasonal study. Current World Environment, 6(2):259-264.

Tomulescu IM, Radoviciu EM, Merca VV, Tuduce AD (2004) Effect of Copper, Zinc and Lead and their combination on the germination capacity of two cereals. Journal of Agricultural Science, 15:39-42.

Tripathi A (1994) Airborne lead pollution in the city of Varanasi, India. Atmospheric Environment, 28(14):2317-2323. 

Valverde M, Trejo C, Rojas E (2001) Is the capacity of lead acetate and cadmium chloride to induced genotoxic damage due to direct DNA-metal interaction? Mutagenesis, 16(3):265-270.

Wadge A, Hutton M (1987) Theleachability and chemical speciation of selected trace elements in fly ash from coal combustion and refuse incineration. Environmental Pollution, 48:85-99.

Wadi SA, Ahmad G (1999) Effect of lead on the male reproductive system in mice. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health (Part A), 56:513-521.

Weiss D, Shotyk W, Kempf O (1999) Archives of Atmospheric lead Pollution. Naturewissenchaften, 86:262-275.

World Bureau of Metal Statistics (1992) World metal statistics, July, 45(7):75-78.

World Health Organization (1995) Inorganic lead.Environmental health criteria, 165. ISBN 92 4 157165 9.

Yan Z, Rong L, Li S, Yu L, Iai Y (2004) Effect of lead exposure on the immune function of lymphocyte and erythrocytes in preschool children. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 5(8):1001-1004.

Related Images:



Recent Images



Enzyme Based Biosensor for Onsite Detection of Chromium
Nutrients and Bioactive compounds of Pleurotus ostreatus mushroom
Combating SARS-CoV-2 and other Infectious Diseases with Enhanced Immunity by Herbs and Spices, and Preventing its Community Transfer via Ancient Indian Traditions and Culture
Review on production technique and nutritional status of Calocybe indica (P&C)
Therapeutic and Safety aspects of Amrita (Tinospora cordifolia)
Production of Bioethanol from Rice straw by Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Heavy Metal Pollution and its Impact on Plants
Abstracts: National Conference on Recent Advances and Trends in Biotechnology, organized by School of Studies in Biotechnology, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, India
Lead Toxicity, Measurement and Control
Seasonal variation of Aspergillus species in the different localities of Nawapara (Rajim), District – Raipur, Chhattisgarh

Tags


Recomonded Articles:

Author(s): Pramod Kumar Mahish; KL Tiwari; SK Jadhav*

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More