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Author(s): Prerna Soni*1, Shobha Gawri2

Email(s): 1prernasn@yahoo.com, 2shobhagawri@gmail.com

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    1Department of Biotechnology, Seth Phoolchand Agrawal Smriti College, Nawapara, Rajim
    2Department of Biotechnology, Seth Phoolchand Agrawal Smriti College, Nawapara, Rajim
    *Corresponding Author Email- prernasn@yahoo.com

Published In:   Volume - 5,      Issue - 2,     Year - 2023


Cite this article:
Prerna Soni, Shobha Gawri (2023) Therapeutic Use of Some Common Medicinal Plants for the Treatment of Major Life Style Diseases of Chhattisgarh. NewBioWorld A Journal of Alumni Association of Biotechnology,5(2):1-6.

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 NewBioWorld A Journal of Alumni Association of Biotechnology (2023) 5(2):1-6 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Therapeutic Use of Some Common Medicinal Plants for the Treatment of Major Life Style Diseases of Chhattisgarh

Prerna Soni*, Shobha Gawri

 

Department of Biotechnology, Seth Phoolchand Agrawal Smriti College, Nawapara, Rajim

 

prernasn@yahoo.com, shobhagawri@gmail.com

*Corresponding Author Email- prernasn@yahoo.com

ARTICLE INFORMATION

 

ABSTRACT

Article history:

Received

14 September 2023

Received in revised form

18 November 2023

Accepted

29 November 2023

Keywords:

Therapeutic;

Life style diseases; Medicinal plants;

Herbal medicine; Chhattisgarh

 

About 80% of India's population receives healthcare from medicinal plants, making them extremely important. They have been used by tribes and local people for curing various diseases since the majority of disorders in today's culture are lifestyle-related. Recently, greater prominence is being laid to phyto-therapy throughout world. This study emphasises the value of therapeutic plants in the different areas of Gariyaband district of Chhattisgarh used for treating life style diseases such as asthma, diabetes, hypertension and arthritis.

The research work on therapeutic plants was carried out in the years 2017 – 2018. A total of twenty-five species of plants from 17 families and 25 genera have been documented for various medicinal applications. Plant identification was done with conventional monographs and vegetation. Among 25 plant families, Fabaceae and Apocyanaceae has been obtained as dominant family and maximum 13 plant species were obtained for treating asthma disease comparatively to diabetes, arthritis and hypertension. The plants were used for medicine has enumerated alphabetically and the local name, family names, plant part used and curing diseases has documented to treat life style diseases like asthma, diabetes, hypertension and arthritis.

 


Introduction

Traditional herbal medicine, which has long been the foundation of traditional medicine, is an integral part of many nations' healthcare systems. In India, an important part of the medical system is provided by plants used for medicinal purposes for almost 80% of the population. Plants are the main component of traditional medicines. Folk remedies have contributed to the gradual increase in the usage of ancient Indian medicinal systems such as Ayurveda. A WHO report states that many ailments in the current period are typically lifestyle-related. like asthma, diabetes, hypertension and arthritis so the usage of herbal medicines can minimize such problems.

Herbal remedies are widely accessible and well-received in the community. For indigenous rural populations, they provide an economical and simple to use healthcare infrastructure and are a major source of income (Samar et al. 2012). Because of significant importance and commercial value the sustainable utility and there conservation is necessary.

DOI: 10.52228/NBW-JAAB.2023-5-2-1

Lifestyle diseases (also called diseases of longevity or diseases of civilization) are diseases that appear to become ever more widespread as countries become more industrialized (Mishra 2011). LSD like hypertension, diabetes, arthritis and asthma are the major risk factors for the development of Cardio vascular disease (Nadkarni 1986).

Chhattisgarh state is rich in the natural resources of herb and medicinal plants, which is traditionally being applied to cure various diseases. It is among the nine high priority states in India with poor health indicators such as high infant mortality and maternal mortality rates and high prevalence of morbidities (Balick 1996). Hence it is very necessary to conserve, protect and document the important plant species. During the present investigation, Gariyaband district of Chhattisgarh was selected for medicinal studies of herbal plants. The main objective of the present study was to explore the significance of traditional system of medicine, in particular traditional medicinal plants as a primary health concern modality for treating different life style diseases in Chhattisgarh.

Materials and Methods

 Different areas of Gariyaband district of Chhattisgarh were used for collecting the flora. Geographically Gariyaband is situated at 20.2571° N, Latitude and 82.3018° E longitude. It is located in the south eastern part of the Chhattisgarh. The identification and knowledge about plants were go through out with the aid of standard floras given by Hans flora, (1925): Verma et al. (1993) and Singh et al., (2001). The information about plants having medicinal properties in relation to cure life style diseases were confirmed through many resource people as far as possible in other localities used for purpose of curative properties. Several visits were done with these resource persons who helped us to identify with their common names and the medicinal uses of the plants. During the investigation the complete information pertaining their botanical names, local names, family name, and plant parts used, mode of administration etc. were recorded.

The identification of plants was also done using the references of Flora of British India by Hooker (1875) and herbaceous flora of Dehradun by C.R. Babu (1977). The medicinal uses were cross checked with the ancient compilations like, Indian Medicinal plants Nadkarni (1986&1998), and Indian Materia medica-Kirthikar and Basu (1988).


Table No.-1:  List of medicinal plants for curing various ailments of LSD. (Kumar et al. 2010)

SN

LSD

Botanical Name

Common Name

Family

Plant Parts Used

Chemical constituents

I

Diabetes

Acacia nilotica

Babul

Fabaceae

Leaves, stem, bark

Tannin, polyphenolic compounds, flavonoids, kaempferol, glucoside, iso-quercitrin and leucocyanidin.

 

 

Butea monosperma

Palash

Fabaceae

Seed, flower, root, fruits

·         Fixed oil oleic acid, palmitic acid, Alkaloid: Butrin, butein, Flavonoids, steroids.  Glycine, Glucoside .

 

 

Carissa caranda

 

 

 

Karonda

Apocynaceae

Fruit leaves, root

Triterpenoid tannins,  carissic acid. 2-phenyl ethanol, linalool, isoamyl alcohol, β-caryophyllene, benzyl acetate, carissol and lanost-5-en- 3β-ol-21-oic acid

 

 

Delonix regia

Gulmohar

Fabaceae

Flower

Sterols, phenolic compounds, triterpenoids, and falvonoids

 

 

Ipomoea batatas

Shakarkand

Convolvulaceae

Root, leaves

Beta- carotene, anthocyanine, cyanidins, peonidins, carbohydrate

 

 

Phyllanthus emblica

Amla

Phyllanthaceae

Whole plant

Phyllemblin, tannin, pectin

 

 

Vinca roseus

Sadasuhagan

Apocyanaceae

Leaves flower

Indole alkaloid: vincristie, vinblastine

 

 

Mimosa pudica

Chuimui

 

Fabaceae

Leaves, stem, root

Alkaloid mimosine, mucilage, tannins, non- protein amino acid (mimosin), flavonoid C- glycosides, sterols, terpenoids, tannins and fatty acids.

 

 

Nerium oleander

Pink kaner

Apocyanaceae

Leaves seeds

Glycosides-neriin, alkaloid- oleandrin, glycosides gentiobiosyl- oleandrin, gentiobiosyl-nerigoside and gentiobiosyl-beaumontoside

 

 

Phyllanthus emblica

Amla

Phyllanthaceae

Whole plant

Phyllemblin, tannin, pectin

 

 

Shorearobusta

Sal

Dipterocarpaceae

Leaves, Seed, bark, fruit

Lignin, oleoresin, triterpenoids, oleanane, triterpene acid

 

 

Solanum virginianum

 

Bhaskatiya

 

Solanaceae

Root, fruit

Diosgenin and beta cytosterol, coumarins, scopolin, scopoletin, esculin and esculetin

 

 

Curcuma longa

Haldi

Zingiberaceae

Root, tuberous rhizome

Curcumin,demethoxycurcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin.

II

Asthma

Amorphophallus paeoniifolius

Jimikand

Araceae

Corm

Proteins, fat, fiber, carbohydrates, starch, oxalic acid and vitamin A.

 

 

Adhatodavasica

Adusa

Acanthaceae

Leaves, root

Alkaloid: vasicine, vasicinolone, vasicol, Quinazolin. Flavonoids (Apigenin, astragalin Vitexin)

 

 

Artabotryshexapetalus

 

Hari champa

Annonaceae

 

Fruit, bark

α and β-spinasterols; lupeol, 24-methylenecycloartanol, cycloeucalenol, campesterol, sitosterol, stigmasterol, 5α-stigmast-7-enol nonacosane, 16-hentriacontane, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol

 

 

Asparagus racemosus

Satavari

Asparagaceae

Root, stem, leaves, flower

Steroid: shatavarin I-IV,quercetin, rutin, hyperoside, diosgenin

 

 

Cassia tora

Charota

Caesalpiniaceae

Leaves seeds, stem

Cinnamaldehyde, gum, tannins, mannitol, coumarins

 

 

Datura stramonium

Datura

Solanaceae

Leaves seeds

Alkaloid:hyoscine

 

 

Ipomoea batatas

 

Shakarkand

Convolvulaceae

Root, leaves

Beta- carotene, anthocyanine, cyanidins, peonidins, carbohydrate

 

 

Lantana camara

 

Lantana

Verbenaceae

Leaves

Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons bicyclogermacrene, isocaryophyllene,  valecene, germacrene D

III

Hypertension

Citrus limon

Lemon

Rutaceae

Leaves

fruit

Hesperidin,pectin, calcium oxalate, limonene, geranyl acetate, terpineol

 

 

Punica granatum

Anar

Lythraceae

Leaves

Fruit

Pectin, organic acid: ascorbic acid, citric acid, and malic acid, and bioactive compounds such as phenolics and flavonoids, principally anthocyanins

 

 

Withaniasomnifera

Ashwagandha

Solanaceae

Leaves, root

Alkaloid:withanine,somniferinine,tropine, choline, steroidal lactones:withanoloids

IV

Arthritis

Amorphophallus paeoniifolius

Jimikand

Araceae

Corm

Proteins, fat, fiber, carbohydrates, starch, oxalic acid and vitamin A

 

 

Butea monosperma

 

Palash

Fabaceae

(Papilionaceae)

Seed, flower, root, fruits

 Fixed oil oleic acid, palmitic acid, Alkaloid: Butrin, butein, Flavonoids, steroids.  Glycine, Glucoside .

 

 

Cassia tora

Charota

Caesalpiniaceae

Leaves seeds, stem

Sennosides A & B

 

 

Delonix regia

Gulmohar

Fabaceae

Flower

Sterols, phenolic compounds, triterpenoids, and falvonoids

 

 

Lawsoniainermis

Heena

Lythraceae

Seed, leaves

Lawsone, gallic acid, resin, tannin, xanthone,glycosides

 

 

Madhuca longifolia

 

Mahua

Sapotaceae

Seeds, flowers, fruit, leaves

Alkaloid saponin, glucoside. Sapogenin and Sapogenin, triterpenoids, steroids, saponin, flavonoids and glycosides.

 

 

Tinospora cordifolia

 

Giloy

Menispermaceae

Leaves, stem, root

Syringing, cordial

 


Result and Discussion

Around 25 types of cultivated medicinal plants studied from different areas of Gariyaband district used by local peoples of village in their daily living to treat different lifestyle illnesses. They have been reported with their uses, mentioned in for going table 1. Total 25 plants related to 25 genera and 17 families were mentioned for various therapeutic purposes of four major life style diseases, i.e., diabetes, asthma, arthritis and hypertension. The plants which have medicinal uses was enumerated alphabetically and the local name, family names, plant part used and curing diseases has documented for Gariyaband district as follows in the table number 1.

Fabaceae was the dominant family with 04 species followed by Apocynaceae, Solanaceae with 03 species; Lythraceae with 02 species then one plant species of Convolvulaceae, Phyllanthaceae, Zingiberaceae, Araceae, Acanthaceae, Annonaceae, Asparagaceae, Caesalpiniaceae, Verbenaceae,  Dipterocarpaceae, Rutaceae, Sapotaceae and Menispermaceae. Leaves were reported to be the most frequently used part of plants for curing different diseases followed by other plant parts namely stem, root, seed, bark, fruit and flowers.According to our finding all 25 plants were important to cure life style diseases given in table 1. Among 25 plants some are still untouched by modern medical science.

 

Figure- 1: Pie Diagram Showing Distribution of Plant Families

Figure- 2: Pie Diagram Showing plant availability used in treatment of life style diseases

Figure- 3: Distribution of used plant parts

 


Heena

Jimikand

Lantana

Mahua

Bhaskatiya

Satavari

Sal

Karonda

Babul

Chuimui

Charota

Shakarkand

Palash

Amla

Sadasuhagan

Haldi

Datura

Ashwagandha

Adusa

Lemon

Anar

Pink kaner

Giloy

Harichampa

 

Gulmohar

 

 


Conclusion

From the above finding, it is marked that a huge bulk of plant parts are utilized as a number of therapeutic ailments. The current work signifies the need of the systematic confirmation of herbal remedies. It can not only offer recognition of this useful information but will also support in protection of such steadily diminishing important medicinal plants. Treating life style diseases i.e. asthma, diabetes, hypertension and arthritis will be a significant approach in future prospects.

Acknowledgement

Author is thankful to elderly local people of Gariyaband for their valuable information shared regarding the plant medicinal properties and healing practices. This work was made possible in part by the Department of Biotechnology, Seth Phool Chand Agrawal Smriti PG College Nawapara, Raipur (CG).

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